Korea under Japanese rule In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, various Western countries actively competed for influence, trade, and territory in East Asiaand Japan sought to join these modern colonial powers. The newly modernized Meiji government of Japan turned to Korea, then in the sphere of influence of China 's Qing Dynasty. The Japanese government initially sought to separate Korea from Qing and make Korea a Japanese satellite in order to further their security and national interests.
Japanese Colonialism in Korea North and South Korea are nations that while filled with contempt for Japan have used the foundations that Japan laid during the colonial period to further industrialization.
Japan was the only colonizer to locate various heavy industry is in its colonies. The Japanese to facilitate and manage the industrialization of a colony also put in place a strong central government.
Korea was left with a base for industrializing, a high level of literacy, experience with modern commerce, and close ties to Japan.
Because of this the North had an edge in industrialization.
For many years the North had the fastest growth rates of the communist countries, and its cities were on par with those of Eastern Europe. Because most of the heavy industrial plants were either located in North Korea or destroyed by the Korean War the groundwork for industrialization that South Korea received from Japanese colonialism consisted mostly of social changes.
The Japanese also let a small number of Koreans develop into a semi-elite. Although this group never held powerful positions many of them were educated in Japanese schools, and became either involved in the military or worked as businessmen, bureaucrats, lawyers, and doctors.
They had an intimate knowledge of Japanese companies, language, organizational structure, and government. Some of them like Park had been educated in Japanese schools, some had worked for the Japanese, and nearly all of them spoke fluent Japanese. The leaders of Korea were ambivalent about relying on Japan, on one hand they felt a profound respect for Japan and its successes and on the other a deep hatred for what Japan had done to Korea in the past.
But Japan still served as a model for Park Chung Hee who normalized relations with Japan in and turned to Japan for technology, equipment, and a model for development. It was Korean elites history and close ties with Japan that made them turn naturally to Japan to provide a development model.the japanese colonial period - Japanese Troops marching through the West Gate in Japanese rule in Korea only lasted 35 years yet left an indelible legacy.
Such uneven and distorted development left a mixed legacy for the peninsula after the colonial period ended. By the time of the Japanese surrender in August , Korea was the second-most industrialized nation in Asia after Japan itself.
As Bruce Cumings puts it, “Japanese imperialism stuck a knife in old Korea and twisted it, and that wound has gnawed at the Korean national identity ever since.”. Yomota’s letter came when I was thinking of George Akita and Brandon Palmer’s “The Japanese Colonial Legacy in Korea: A New Perspective” (MerwinAsia, ).
Japan’s legacy of colonialism in Korea is felt not only in the many graves and monuments that attest to Japanese brutality but also in the modern cities of South Korea and the heavy industries along the Yalu River in the North.
A paper which discusses the effects of Japanese colonialization of Korea. The Japanese Colonial Legacy In Korea North and South Korea are nations that while filled with contempt for Japan have used the foundations that Japan laid during the colonial period to further industrialization.